Nativist Authoritarian Far-right Flirtations with Progressive Education: Exploring the Relationship in Interwar Switzerland

  • Anja Giudici
  • Giorgia Masoni
  • Thomas Ruoss
Keywords: Progressive education, fascism, Switzerland, politics of education, educational history

Abstract

Progressive education is generally thought to bear little commonality with authoritarianism and nativism. However, several studies show far-right governments and movements embracing progressive tenets. This article investigates the reasons behind this phenomenon by confronting the educational ideas of key far-right parties and educators in interwar German- and Italian-speaking Switzerland. Our systematic analysis of texts produced by these actors suggests that they subscribed to progressivism not in spite of their political views, but precisely because it aligned with their authoritarian and nativist ideology. This finding calls for more scholarship exploring and theorising the relationship between political ideologies and (progressive) educational ideas and movements.

Published
25-09-2019
How to Cite
Giudici, A., Masoni, G., & Ruoss, T. (2019). Nativist Authoritarian Far-right Flirtations with Progressive Education: Exploring the Relationship in Interwar Switzerland. Swiss Journal of Educational Research, 41(2), 386-403. https://doi.org/10.24452/sjer.41.2.8