A Unifying Model-Based Hypothesis for the Diverse Waveforms of Infantile Nystagmus Syndrome

Zhong I. Wang, Louis F. Dell'Osso

Abstract


We expanded the original behavioral Ocular Motor System (OMS) model for Infantile Nystagmus Syndrome (INS) by incorporating common types of jerk waveforms within a unifying mechanism. Alexander’s law relationships were used to produce desired INS null positions and sharpness. At various gaze angles, these relationships influenced the IN slow-phase amplitudes differently, thereby mimicking the gaze-angle effects of INS patients. Transitions from pseudopendular with foveating saccades to jerk waveforms required replacing braking saccades with foveating fast phases and adding a resettable neural integrator in the pursuit pre-motor circuitry. The robust simulations of accurate OMS behavior in the presence of diverse INS waveforms demonstrate that they can all be generated by a loss of pursuit-system damping, supporting this hypothetical origin.

Keywords


infantile nystagmus syndrome; mechanism; model; waveforms; simulation

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16910/jemr.4.1.1

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