A Unifying Model-Based Hypothesis for the Diverse Waveforms of Infantile Nystagmus Syndrome

  • Zhong I. Wang Daroff-Dell'Osso Ocular Motility Laboratory, Cleveland, OH, USA
  • Louis F. Dell'Osso Daroff-Dell'Osso Ocular Motility Laboratory, Cleveland, OH, USA
Keywords: infantile nystagmus syndrome, mechanism, model, waveforms, simulation

Abstract

We expanded the original behavioral Ocular Motor System (OMS) model for Infantile Nystagmus Syndrome (INS) by incorporating common types of jerk waveforms within a unifying mechanism. Alexander’s law relationships were used to produce desired INS null positions and sharpness. At various gaze angles, these relationships influenced the IN slow-phase amplitudes differently, thereby mimicking the gaze-angle effects of INS patients. Transitions from pseudopendular with foveating saccades to jerk waveforms required replacing braking saccades with foveating fast phases and adding a resettable neural integrator in the pursuit pre-motor circuitry. The robust simulations of accurate OMS behavior in the presence of diverse INS waveforms demonstrate that they can all be generated by a loss of pursuit-system damping, supporting this hypothetical origin.
Published
03-02-2011
How to Cite
Wang, Z. I., & Dell’Osso, L. F. (2011). A Unifying Model-Based Hypothesis for the Diverse Waveforms of Infantile Nystagmus Syndrome. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.16910/jemr.4.1.1
Section
Articles