Increased microsaccade rate in individuals with ADHD traits

  • Maria Panagiotidi Staffordshire University
  • Paul Overton The University of Sheffield
  • Tom Stafford The University of Sheffield
Keywords: eye movement, eye tracking, microsaccades, ADHD, eye movements, superior colliculus


Microsaccades are involuntary, small, jerk-like eye-movements with high-velocity that are observed during fixation. Abnormal microsaccade rates and characteristics have been observed in a number of psychiatric and developmental disorders. In this study, we examine microsaccade differences in 43 non-clinical participants with high and low levels of ADHD-like traits, assessed with the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS, Kessler, Adler, et al., 2005). A simple sustained attention paradigm, which has been previously shown to elicit microsaccades, was employed. A positive correlation was found between ADHD-like traits and binocular and monocular microsaccade rates. No other differences in microsaccade properties were observed. The relationship between ADHD traits and microsaccades suggests that abnormal oculomotor behaviour is a core deficit in ADHD and could potentially lead to the development of a biomarker for the disorder.

Author Biographies

Maria Panagiotidi, Staffordshire University

School of Psychology, Sport and Exercise

Faculty of Health Sciences

Paul Overton, The University of Sheffield
Department of Psychology
Tom Stafford, The University of Sheffield
Department of Psychology
How to Cite
Panagiotidi, M., Overton, P., & Stafford, T. (2017). Increased microsaccade rate in individuals with ADHD traits. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 10(1).