Effect of visual attention and horizontal vergence in three-dimensional space on occurrence of optokinetic nystagmus
OKN corresponding to the motion of the fixating area occurs when a stimulus has two areas separated in depth containing motion in different directions. However, when attention and vergence are separately directed to areas with different motions and depths, it remains unclear which property of attention and vergence is prioritized to initiate OKN. In this study, we investigated whether OKN corresponding to motion in the attending or fixating area occurred when two motions with different directions were presented in the central and peripheral visual fields separated in depth. Results show that OKN corresponding to attended motion occurred when observers maintained vergence on the peripheral stimulus and attended to the central stimulus. However, OKN corresponding to each motion in the attending area and in the fixating area occurred when observers maintained vergence on the central stimulus and attended to the peripheral stimulus. The accuracy rate of the attentional task was the lowest in this condition. These results support the idea that motion in the attended area is essential for occurrence of OKN, and vergence and retinal position affect the strength of attention.
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