Women in Neo-Assyrian Palaces: The case of the ekal mašarti in Nimrud/Kalḫu

  • Eva Schmalenberger

Abstract

Ø  Basic Facts on Nimrud:

  • Left Bank of the Tigris, North of the Greater Zab
  • capital of the Neo-Assyrian empire since 878 B.C. under King Aššurnaṣirpal (883 - 859 B.C.)
  • The city wall encloses an area of 380 ha
  • The main architectural features are located on the northern and the south-eastern acropolis, including various palaces and temple buildings

Ø  The ekal mašarti:

  • Built under King Šalmaneser III. (858 - 824 B.C.)
  • completed 844 B.C.
  • on the south-eastern acropolis
  • mainly used for military purposes (Areas NW, NE, SW and SE)
  • Representation rooms (Area T) and private quarters (Area S) in the south

Ø  Women in the ekal mašarti:

  • Clear archaeological evidence for the presence of women in the palace; Finds: Amulets (Bes, Lamaštu, Pazuzu), skorpion, fibulae
  • Important rooms in area S: throne room of the queen (S 5) and bureau (S 10) of the šakintu (female high-official)
  • Reception rooms and working areas on the ground floor
  • Living quarters on the upper floor
  • Not all women belonging to the household of the queen, also lived in the (same) palace

Published
25-05-2018
How to Cite
Schmalenberger, E. (2018). Women in Neo-Assyrian Palaces: The case of the ekal mašarti in Nimrud/Kalḫu. BAF-Online: Proceedings of the Berner Altorientalisches Forum, 2. https://doi.org/10.22012/baf.2017.13
Section
Panel 5: Managing and using data across different fields of study and research