Linking a rural sanctuary with ancient metallurgy at Kataliondas Kourvellos (Cyprus)

  • Patrizia Birchler Emery
  • Julien Beck
  • Athos Agapiou
  • Dragos Constantin
  • Vasiliki Lysandrou
  • Bertrand Merminod
  • Kyriakos Themistocleous

Abstract

Kataliondas Kourvellos is located at the base of an unusual rock knob, in the lower Troodos foothills, about 20 kilometers south of Nicosia. Recent excavations by the University of Geneva revealed that the site was occupied both in the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period, at the end of the 8th millennium BCE, and in the Cypro-Classical period, in the 4th century BCE.

During the Cypro-Classical period, the site seems to have functioned as a rural sanctuary, but the purpose of its location there is not clear: among other explanations, one could be its link with the mining, smelting, and/or trade of metal resources (the lower Troodos foothills have been exploited since the Bronze Age for their copper and other mineralogical resources).

References

Beck, J. , «Kataliondas Kourvellos 2011», Antike Kunst 55 (2012), 161-163.

Beck, J., Birchler Emery P., «Kataliondas Kourvellos (Chypre) à la période classique», in Rendez-vous à l’Agora. Actualité des projets de fouilles suisses en Méditerranée, 17-21 (2012)

Counts, B., Iacovou, M., «New Approaches to the Elusive Iron Age Polities of Ancient Cyprus: An Introduction», BASOR 370 (2013), 1-13.

Fourrier, S., La coroplastie chypriote archaïque. Identités culturelles et politiques à l’époque des royaumes. Travaux de la Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée 46 (2007)

Kassianidou, V.. «The Exploitation of the Landscape: Metal Resources and the Copper Trade during the Age of the Cypriot City-Kingdoms», BASOR 370 (2013), 49–82

Papantoniou, G., «Religion and Social Transformations in Cyprus: From the Cypriot Basileis to the Hellenistic Strategos.» Mnemosyne Supplements 347 (2012)

Papantoniou, G., «Cypriot Sanctuaries and Religion in the Early Iron Age: Views from before and after», in M. Iacovou (ed.) Cyprus and the Aegean in the Early Iron Age. The legacy of Nicolas Coldstream, 271–305 (2012)

Papantoniou, G., «Cyprus from Basileis to Strategos: A Sacred-Landscapes Approach», AJA 117(2013), 33–57

Papantoniou, G., Kyriakou, N. , Sarris, A., and Iacovou, M., «Sacred Topography in Iron Age Cyprus: The Case of Vavla-Kapsalaes», in Papadopoulos, C. et al. (ed.), Archaeological Research in the Digital Age. Proceedings of the 1st Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, Greek Chapter (CAA-GR), Rethymno, Crete, 6-8 March 2014 (2015), 70-75, http://caa-gr.org/2014/CAA-GR_2014_Procs.pdf [= 1st CAA GR Conference]

Ulbrich, A., Kypris: Heiligtümer und Kulte weiblicher Gottheiten auf Zypern in der kyproarchaischen und kyproklassischen Epoche (Königszeit). AOAT 44 (2008)
Published
16-01-2017
How to Cite
Birchler Emery, P., Beck, J., Agapiou, A., Constantin, D., Lysandrou, V., Merminod, B., & Themistocleous, K. (2017). Linking a rural sanctuary with ancient metallurgy at Kataliondas Kourvellos (Cyprus). BAF-Online: Proceedings of the Berner Altorientalisches Forum, 1. https://doi.org/10.22012/baf.2016.09
Section
Panel 1: Reconstructing missing evidence